Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers

    2017

  • Chu, X., J. Zhao, X. Lu, V. L. Harvey, R. M. Jones, C. Chen, W. Fong, Z. Yu, B. Roberts, A. Dornbrack (2017), Lidar observations of stratospheric gravity waves from 2011 to 2015 at McMurdo, Antarctica: Part II. Potential energy densities, lognormal distributions, and seasonal variations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., in minor revision.
  • Lu, X., X. Chu, C. Chen, V. Nguyen, A. Smith (2017), First observations of short-period eastward propagating planetary waves from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere (110 km) in winter Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075641
  • Lu, X., X. Chu, H. Li, C. Chen, J. Smith, S. Vadas (2017), Statistical characterization of high-to-medium frequency mesoscale gravity waves by lidar-measured vertical winds and temperatures in the MLT, J. Atmos. Solar- Terr. Phys.,162, 3-15 doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2016.10.009.
  • Zhao, J., X. Chu, C. Chen, X. Lu, W. Fong, Z. Yu, R. Michael Jones, B. R. Roberts, and A. Dörnbrack (2017), Lidar observations of stratospheric gravity waves from 2011 to 2015 at McMurdo (77.84°S, 166.69°E), Antarctica: 1. Vertical wavelengths, periods, and frequency and vertical wave number spectra, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 5041-5062, doi:10.1002/2016JD026368.
  • 2016

  • Chen, C., X. Chu, J. Zhao, B. R. Roberts, Z. Yu, W. Fong, X. Lu, J. A. Smith (2016), Lidar observations of persistent inertia-gravity waves with periods of 3–10 h in the Antarctic middle and upper atmosphere at McMurdo, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics., doi:10.1002/2015JA022127.
  • 2015

  • Lu, X., C. Chen, W. Huang, J. A. Smith, X. Chu, T. Yuan, P.-D. Pautet, M. J. Taylor, J. Gong, and C. Y. Cullens (2015b), A coordinated study of 1 h mesoscale gravity waves propagating from Logan to Boulder with CRRL Na Doppler lidars and temperature mapper, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, doi:10.1002/2015JD023604.
  • Lu, X., X. Chu, W. Fong, C. Chen, Z. Yu, B. R. Roberts, and A. J. McDonald (2015a), Vertical evolution of potential energy density and vertical wave number spectrum of Antarctic gravity waves from 35 to 105 km at McMurdo (77.8°S, 166.7°E), J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 2719–2737. doi: 10.1002/2014JD022751.
  • Fong, W., X. Chu, X. Lu, C. Chen, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, M. Codrescu, and A. Richmond (2015), Lidar and CTIPe model studies of the fast amplitude growth of the diurnal temperature ‘tides’ in the Antarctic winter lower thermosphere and relationship with the aurora, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2014GL062784.
  • 2014

  • Fong, W., X. Lu, X. Chu, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, Z. Yu, B. R. Roberts, C. Chen, C. S. Gardner, and A. J. McDonald (2014), Winter temperature tides from 30 to 110 km at McMurdo (77.8°S, 166.7°E), Antarctica: Lidar observations and comparisons with WAM, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, doi:10.1002/2013JD020784.
  • 2013

  • Lu, X., X. Chu, T. Fuller-Rowell, L. Chang, W. Fong and Z. Yu (2013), Eastward propagating planetary waves with periods of 1−5 days in the winter Antarctic stratosphere as revealed by MERRA and lidar, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 9565–9578, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50717.
  • Liu, A. Z., X. Lu, and S. J. Franke (2013), Diurnal variation of gravity wave momentum flux and its forcing on the diurnal tide, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1029/2012JD018653.
  • Chen, C., X. Chu, A. J. McDonald, S. L. Vadas, Z. Yu, W. Fong, and X. Lu (2013), Inertia-gravity waves in Antarctica: A case study with simultaneous lidar and radar measurements at McMurdo/Scott Base(77.8S, 166.7E), J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50318.
  • Friedman, J. S., X. Chu, C. Brum and X. Lu (2013), Observation of a thermospheric descending layer of neutral K over Arecibo, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2013.03.002.
  • Yue, J., J. Xu, L. Chang, Q.Wu, H.-L.Liu, X. Lu, J. Russell (2013), Global structure and seasonal variability of the migrating terdiurnal tide in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 105-106, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2013.10.010.
  • Huang, K. M., A. Z. Liu, X. Lu, Z. Li, Q. Gan, Y. Gong, C. M. Huang, F. Yi, and S. D. Zhang (2013), Nonlinear coupling between quasi 2 day wave and tides based on meteor radar observations at Maui, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50872.
  • Li, T., A. Z. Liu, X. Lu, Z. Li, S. J. Franke, G. R. Swenson, and X. Dou (2012), Meteor-radar observed mesospheric semi-annual oscillation (SAO) and quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) over Maui, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05130, doi:10.1029/2011JD016123.
  • Before 2013

  • Lu, X., H.-L. Liu, A. Z. Liu, J. Yue, J. M. McInerney, and Z. Li (2012), Momentum budget of the migrating diurnal tide in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model at vernal equinox, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D07112, doi:10.1029/2011JD017089.
  • Li, Z., A. Z. Liu, X. Lu, G. R. Swenson, and S. J. Franke (2011), Gravity wave characteristics from OH airglow imager over Maui, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D22115, doi:10.1029/2011JD015870.
  • Lu, X., A. Z. Liu, J. Oberheide, Q. Wu, T. Li, Z. H. Li, G. R. Swenson, S. J. Franke (2011), Seasonal variability of the diurnal tide in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over Maui, HI (20.7o N, 156.3o W), J. Geophys. Res., 116, D17103, doi:10.1029/2011JD015599.
  • Lu, X., A. Z. Liu, G. R. Swenson, T. Li, T. Leblanc, and I. S. McDermid (2009), Gravity wave propagation and dissipation from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D11101, doi:10.1029/2008JD010112.
  • Lu, X., S. D. Zhang, Radiosonde observation of planetary waves in the lower atmosphere over the center China (2005), Chinese Journal of Space Physics, 25(6), 529-535.

Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  • Lu, X., C. Chen, W. Huang, J. A. Smith, J. Zhao, X. Chu, T. Yuan, P. D. Pautet, M. J. Taylor, Simultaneous observations of mesoscale gravity waves over the central US with CRRL Na Doppler lidars and USU temperature mapper, Proceedings of the 27th International Laser Radar Conference, July 2015, New York. [PDF].
  • Fong, W., X. Chu, X. Lu, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, M. Codrescu, A. D. Richmond, Z. Yu, B. Roberts, and C. Chen, Winter temperature and tidal structures from 2011 to 2014 at McMurdo station: Observations from Fe Boltzmann temperature and Rayleigh lidar, Proceedings of the 27th International Laser Radar Conference, July 2015, New York. [PDF].
  • Chen, C., X. Chu, W. Fong, X. Lu, A. J. McDonald, D. Pautet, and M. J. Taylor, Antarctic wave dynamics mystery discovered by lidar, radar and imager, Proceedings of the 27th International Laser Radar Conference, July 2015, New York. [PDF].
  • Chu, X., Z. Yu, W. Fong, C. Chen, J. Zhao, I. F. Barry, J. A. Smith, X. Lu, W. Huang, and C. S. Gardner, From Antarctica lidar discoveries to OASIS exploration, Proceedings of the 27th International Laser Radar Conference, July 2015, New York. [PDF].
  • Chen, C., X. Chu, Z. Yu, W. Fong, A. J. McDonald, X. Lu, and W. Huang, Lidar and radar investigation of inertia gravity wave intrinsic properties at McMurdo, Antarctica, Proceedings of the 26th International Laser Radar Conference, June 2012, Greece. [PDF].